General Discussion

Normal reproductive axis in humans The hypothalamus is just a unique area in the mind that is accountable for control over a few hormones within the body.

1,200-1,500 cells (neurons) called GnRH (Gonadotropin-Releasing hormones) neurons. During the time of puberty, these neurons coordinately secrete GnRH, a peptide hormones, in a number of discrete group of bursts or pulses. This pulsatile pattern of secretion of GnRH is key to stimulating the production of two other glycoprotein hormones through the pituitary that is downstream from the hypothalamus, specifically luteinizing hormones (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). In change, LH and FSH work from the intercourse organs or gonads both in sexes (testicles in males; ovaries in females) to accomplish a couple of things which are necessary for individual reproduction. The very first is to stimulate the gonads to secrete sex steroids like testosterone in males and estrogen in females. The second reason is to make the germ cells when you look at the gonads (semen in guys and eggs in females). Continue reading